So what is on the ACT English? The ACT provides great information on what is on their test; that information is often hard to understand. I’ve broken it down for you here!
Usage/Mechanics – Half of the ACT English Test
- Punctuation (13%). Primarily you need to know commas. Also, review usage of semicolons, colons, and dashes. It is critical that you don’t just know simple punctuation rules but that you also know how proper punctuation affects the meaning of sentences.
- Grammar and Usage (16%). Look at subject verb agreement – words that need to agree with one another will often be separated, so you’ll really have to pay close attention to context. Watch out for vague pronouns, idioms, and proper adjective and adverb usage. Basically, make sure that the intended meaning matches up with the actual meaning.
- Sentence Structure (24%). You have to be more than a proofreader – you need to be an editor. Be certain that individual words and longer clauses are placed in a logical order.
Rhetorical Skills – The Other Half of the ACT English Test
- Strategy (16%). You will need to examine the intent of the author, and pick answers that do what the author actually intended to do. You will also need to see if phrases and sentences are relevant, or if they can be removed.
- Organization (15%). You need to know where sentences and phrases should be placed – rearrange things until they make sense. Also, you need to connect paragraphs, sentences and phrases with logical transitional words, like “but”, “also”, or “because”, as demanded by the situation. You’ll need to be able to see what a sensible introduction or a conclusion would be based on the context.
- Style (16%). This is big picture stuff. How do you make an individual sentence have the same tone as the rest of an essay? Depending on what the goal of the author is, how do you pick the best wording to express what is wanted? How can you be clear with pronouns? How can you prevent needless repetition and wordiness?
Check out our full length practice test and see how you do!